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Published On: November 30, 2023 | Blog | 0 comments

Churchill v Merthyr Tydfil Council – Court of Appeal’s Ruling on ADR in Nuisance Claims

In a significant legal development, the Court of Appeal delivered its judgment on 29th November 2023 in the case of Churchill v Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council. This case, centred around a claim in nuisance for knotweed encroachment from the council’s land, raised important questions about the court’s authority to order a stay in proceedings and mandate alternative dispute resolution (ADR), irrespective of the parties’ consent.


The Housing Law Practitioners Association’s Stand

Giles Peaker, a Partner at Anthony Gold, represented the Housing Law Practitioners Association (HLPA) in this groundbreaking case. The HLPA raised arguments on whether a local authority’s in-house complaints scheme constituted a valid form of ADR. This had far-reaching implications for claims against local authorities and social housing providers.


Court Proceedings

The Court of Appeal’s decision focused on the key point of the court’s powers. It distinguished a previous judgment suggesting that compelling ADR was impermissible. Instead, the court affirmed that it had the authority to stay proceedings and to direct parties to alternative dispute resolution, provided it considered the impact on a claimant’s right to a court hearing and the proportionality of such a directive.


Council’s Complaints Process

Merthyr Tydfil Council contended that its in-house complaints scheme should be considered a form of ADR. The court, however, refrained from making a definitive ruling on this matter. It declined to direct Mr. Churchill to go through the complaints process, stating that the council’s system was designed to operate before the issue of a claim, and raising doubts about its suitability for resolving private law claims in any event.


Implications and Considerations

The implications of this decision are substantial for civil proceedings in general. While the court acknowledged the possibility of directing parties to ADR, it emphasised the need to balance this against the fundamental right to a court hearing. The decision also underscored that the suitability of an in-house complaints process as a form of dispute resolution would hinge on its operation and appropriateness for the specific issues in each case.



The Court of Appeal’s ruling in Churchill v Merthyr Tydfil Council marks a significant milestone in the evolving landscape of alternative dispute resolution in nuisance claims. For further details on the Court of Appeal’s decision, you can read the official judgment.

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